Devoted to diagnostic and interventional spine imaging and therapeutics


Simplified Approach to Discography 2003

Kapoor V, Rothfus W.E., Grahovac S.Z., Latchaw R.E.
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, PA

Discography is an inherently painful preoperative procedure aimed at identifying pathological disc(s) prior to surgery. We describe a simplified and safe approach to cervical, thoracic and lumbar discography using biplane fluoroscopy with examples of normal and abnormal patterns.

Learning points:
After reviewing this exhibit registrants should:

* Understand the technical aspects of safely performing discography using biplane fluoroscopy,
* Know how to avoid iatrogenic pain and complications related to needle placement at discography, and
* Recognize normal and abnormal appearance of intervertebral discs at discography.